In India, submarine cable operators have increased their capacity substantially between 2016 and 2021. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) data shows that the total capacity of cable landing stations has increased nine times over the past few years, while the lit capacity has increased four times over the past few years as data use has increased massively in the country.
The TRAI report also stated that India’s international bandwidth demand would become tenfold by 2028, as international bandwidth is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 38 percent, according to the Hindu Businessline.
As of now, India has 17 submarine cables coming from different parts of the world to connect with the terrestrial networks at the cable landing stations near the coast.
Mumbai and Chennai have the maximum concentration of submarine cables. Also, new submarine cables, under planning or construction, will make landfall at different coastal cities, including some recent locations like Digha (in West Bengal) and Mahuva (in Gujarat).
India is experiencing an influx in its data centers due to its significant market potential, relaxed policies, and regulatory environment. India currently has 11 cloud regions as of June 2022. Google recently launched a region in Delhi in 2021, and both AWS and Microsoft Azure plan to launch regions in Hyderabad soon, according to the TRAI report.